The World Of Modern Architecture –
The Foundation To Our Cities Of The Future
Modern Architecture is generally characterized by simplification of form and an absence of applied decoration. It is a term applied to an overarching movement, with its exact definition and scope varying widely. In a broader sense, early modern architecture began at the turn of the 20th century with efforts to reconcile the principles underlying architectural design with rapid technological advancement and the modernization of society. It would take the form of numerous movements, schools of design, and architectural styles, some in tension with one another, and often equally defying such classification.
Architectural modernism was adopted by many influential architects and architectural educators, and continues as a dominant architectural style for institutional and corporate buildings into the 21st century. Notable architects important to the history and development of the modernist movement include Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, Frank Lloyd Wright, Louis Sullivan, Gerrit Rietveld, Oscar Niemeyer and Alvar Aalto. Source: Wikipedia
Important 20th Century Architects/Theorists of Urban Cities (BBC)
Inspiring The Eccelsal Plaza Design: Why The Ecclesia Plaza mixes government, digital, working, eating, entertainment, culture, sports, residential and leisure together in one building/area rather than the buildings of today serving one purpose like an office tower. This to us makes our buildings more futuristic and communal/social. Where Howard took this communal concept out of the city into the suburbs we are going in the reverse direction and bring the population back to the city and back to life. Canary Warf is a deserted place on the weekends – what a waste of so many different types of economic resources. Why do people not want to go there on the weekends?
Adding to this we really like mixing the old and ancient city design/architecture with the future especially since there are a lot of BBC programmes on ancient Greece and Rome and how democracy began that fit into city centre living . We can use the best of our past and mix it with modern architect and the technology of the future making society a better place to live, play and work than currently exists.
Therefore the best name we could find for our Plaza representing ‘common place’ was Ecclesia. Why? The word comes from (using a Wikipedia definition) the Ecclesia or (ekklesia) which was the principal assembly of the democracy of ancient Athens during its "Golden Age" (480–404BC). It was the popular assembly open to all classes of citizens in Athens who were able to participate, even the thetes. The Ecclesia opened the doors for all citizens, regardless of class, to nominate, vote and mostly to participate in the shaping of their society.
Le Corbusier - One of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. His career spanned five decades of modern high design that was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities. For a number of years, French officials had been unsuccessful in dealing with the squalor of the growing Parisian slums, and Le Corbusier sought efficient ways to house large numbers of people in response to the urban housing crisis. He believed that his new, modern architectural forms would provide an organizational solution that would raise the quality of life for the lower classes. His Immeubles Villas (1922) was such a project, calling for large blocks of cell-like individual apartments stacked one on top of one another, with plans that included a living room, bedrooms, and kitchen, as well as a garden terrace. Not merely content with designs for a few housing blocks, Le Corbusier soon moved into studies for entire cities. In 1922 he presented his scheme for a "Contemporary City" for three million inhabitants (Ville Contemporaine). The centerpiece of this plan was the group of sixty-story cruciform skyscrapers, steel-framed office buildings encased in huge curtain walls of glass. Source Wikipedia.
Ebenezer Howard's call for new urbations to be designed for "humanity at large", to recognise the "social side of our nature" and to give full expression to "modern scientific methods". His idea was the Naked Garden City Movement. It proposed the creation of new suburban towns of limited size, planned in advance, and surrounded by a permanent belt of agricultural land. These Garden cities were used as the model for many suburbs. Howard believed that such Garden Cities were the perfect blend of city and nature. The towns would be largely independent, managed by the citizens who had an economic interest in them, and financed by ground rents on the Georgist model. The land on which they were to be built was to be owned by a group of trustees and leased to the citizens.
The original Garden City concept by Ebenezer Howard, 1902.